Diabetes mellitus, often referred to as “sugar” by the locals of South Asia, is a frequently associated disease worldwide. Most people are familiar with the condition due to the increasing incidence. The statistics show that 463 million people worldwide suffer from the endocrine disease. India is at the top of diabetes prevalence globally, closely followed by China and USA. Due to the changing lifestyle, the incidence of diabetes is, unfortunately, growing by the day. Studies have shown that the prevalence of the disease in USA has risen from 11.77 percent to 26.7 percent over the past five years.
In light of this alarming rise in the development of diabetes, it’s essential to disseminate accurate and up-to-date information regarding this disease to the public to help them control the spread of diabetes and effectively manage it.
What is the definition of diabetes?
The chronic (long-term) condition primarily affects how the body converts food into usable energy.
If you eat food, your digestive system breaks down the food into simpler sugars that diffuse throughout the bloodstream. The elevated levels of blood sugar stimulate the pancreas and trigger insulin. It is an endocrinological hormonal hormone that helps use sugars within the body. When it is released in response to increased levels of blood sugars, it signals cells in the body to take in this sugar and use it to generate energy.
Diabetes occurs when the body cannot produce enough insulin or cannot make use of the insulin produced, which results in increased blood sugar levels. The higher blood sugar levels cause damage to various areas of the body, causing severe health issues, including kidney, heart, and eye problems.
Being a chronic health condition, it requires long-term treatment, which can be achieved with oral medication and insulin, as well as dietary restrictions and lifestyle modifications.
Types of Diabetes
Diabetes is categorised into types: Type I, II, and gestational.
Type I diabetes
In the case of type I diabetes, your body may not be able to make insulin or has not produced enough insulin for optimal functioning. Since insulin is involved in bringing cigars into the bloodstream’s cells to generate energy, a lack or lack of insulin stops sugars from circulating into the bloodstream, resulting in increased concentrations in blood sugar.
Type I diabetes was once called insulin-dependent or juvenile diabetes. Teens, young adults, and children are the most vulnerable to type I diabetes, but it can also develop in people of any age.
Type II diabetes
When you have type II diabetes, insulin levels are normal, but the body’s cells cannot utilise the insulin, which increases the blood sugar level. A rise in blood sugar levels can cause harm to various organs of the body, resulting in an immune system, heart, and neurological issues.
For a long time, type I diabetes was thought to begin in the earliest years of life, while type II diabetes would be described as adult-onset diabetes. However, type II can be present in children who suffer from being overweight. However, there isn’t a cure for type 2. However, you can control the condition by losing weight, eating well, and incorporating exercise into your daily routine.
This is the kind of sickness that occurs in pregnant women and isn’t present before becoming pregnant. It usually goes away after the birth, too. If your body doesn’t produce enough insulin for the extra demands of your body when you’re pregnant, you develop gestational sickness. Women are more prone to this condition in the third or second trimester, but it can occur anytime during pregnancy.
Like other types of sickness, the increased blood sugar may harm the body. In cases of gestational diabetes, it could damage the developing baby and lead to health problems during the pregnancy period and after the birth. If you are diagnose early and have a well managed treatment the mother and baby’s health risks can be minimise.
Diabetes symptoms and signs
Here are the common symptoms that indicate the beginning of sickness
Uterine frequency has increased
Insufficient healing of wounds and sores
More frequent urination during the late at night
Unexplained weight loss
Affections are rising
The increased incidence of infections
The feet and hands are tingly and itchy. and hands
When diagnose with sickness the symptoms are further examine to determine which kind of sickness a person has. Here are the signs for type I and type II and gestational sickness.
The signs that are indicative of Type I diabetes
In addition to the typical symptoms of sickness people suffering from type I sickness can be afflict by the following symptoms:
Changes in mood
The signs are a sign of Type II diabetes.
It may take a long time for symptoms of type 2 sickness to manifest. Many people do not notice any signs. While type 2 sickness more often is a problem for teenagers and kids, it is more common at an adult age. Being aware of the risk factors that can lead to the development of type 2 sickness is essential since the signs aren’t obvious. If you experience any symptoms of type II diabetes, do not delay and make an appointment as soon as possible.